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Is a virus that is transmitted through blood contamination, sex (secretion from the vagina and sperm) and breastfeeding when the virus is in the breastmilk. All pregnant women in the US are screened for HIV at the beginning of their pregnancy and then again in their third trimester. A blood test will be done during your first visit at the prenatal clinic. Many people who are infected develop no symptoms, but symptoms that do present about two to three weeks after becoming infected are fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes and skin rash. The baby can be infected during pregnancy, at birth and through breastfeeding. If you have a low viral load, the risk of passing the virus to the baby during pregnancy or birth is minimal. Breastfeeding is not permitted, and you will be monitored by a specialist physician throughout your pregnancy.

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